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Om Sai Ram

Om Sri Sai Nathaya Namah.

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Sunday, January 3, 2016

Three Hundred Names of Goddess Lalita Introduction.

Aum Sai Ram.

Three Hundred Names of Goddess Lalita Introduction.

This Introduction Deals With The Background Of Lalita Trisathi Stotram.

Among the 18 puranas, brahmanda-purana is well known for the extolling of Lalita . It explains in detail the appearance of the Goddess Lalita to save the world from the clutches of the demon bhandasura.

There are three important sub-texts in this purana. The first of these texts is Lalitopakhyana, consisting of 45 chapters and is found in the last section of the purana . The last five chapters are especially well known. They extol the Divine mother, explain the significance of the mantra of the goddess (shodashakshari-vidya), the various mudras and postures to be practiced, meditations, initiations etc., and the mystical placement of the deities involved in Shri Chakra.

The next text is the celebrated lalita sahasranama, which consists of 320 verses in three chapters. The third text is the lalita trishati in which 300 names of the goddess is featured . There is a well known commentary on this work attributed to Adi shankaracharya.

Lalita trishati and lalitha sahasranama are dialogues between the sage Agastya and the god hayagrivapronounced as hayagriva. Hayagriva is the incarnation of vishnu who assumed the form of a horse to kill a demon by the same name.

Agastya was a sage of great renown, who is immortalized as a star in the celestial heavens(one of the seven Rishi-s, saptarshi or Ursa Major). He is the patron saint of Tamilnadu being a founder of a system of medicine called Siddha, and also having drunk the whole ocean in his kamandalum.

According to yaska's Nirukta, Agastya is the half-brother of the great sage, vasishtha. The story of the meeting of Agastya and Hayagriva is given in the lalitopakhyana and is quite interesting . Agastya was visiting several places of pilgrimage and was sad to see many people steeped in ignorance and involved in only sensual pleasures.

He came to kanchi and worshiped kamakshi and sought a solution for the masses . Pleased with the devotion and his caring for the society, Lord vishnu appeared before Agastya and provided the sage Agastya with the solution of `curing' the worldly folk from ignorance.

He explained that He is the primordial principle, and the source and the end of everything. Though He is above forms and gunas, He involves himself in them . He goes on to explain that a person should recognize that He is the pradhhana (primordial) transformed into the universe, and that He is also the purusha (conscious spirit) who is transcendental and beyond all qualities(guna-s) and forms.

However to recognize this, one has to perform severe penance, self-discipline etc . If (since) this is difficult, Lord vishnu advises that the worship of the goddess will achieve the purpose of life, given as liberation from bondage, very easily.

He points out that even other Gods like Shiva and Brahma have worshiped the goddess tripura . Vishnu concludes his discourse saying that this was revealed to Agastya so that he (Agastya) can spread the message to gods, sages, and humans.

Vishnu requests Agastya to approach his incarnation, Hayagriva and disappears from Agastya's sight. Agastya approaches Hayagriva with devotion and reverence. Hayagriva reveals to Agastya that the great Goddess, lalita, is without beginning or end and is the foundation of the entire universe .
The great goddess abides in everyone and can be realized only in meditation . The worship of goddess is done with the lalita sahasranama (1000 names) and Hayagriva teaches him this great sahasranama.

After this Agastya thanks Hayagriva and tells him that though he has heard about Sri Chakra upasana and the sahasranama he lacks the satisfaction of knowing all the secrets and catches hold of Hayagriva's feet . Hayagriva is taken aback and keeps quiet.

At this time Goddess Lalita appears to Hayagriva and tells him that both Agastya and his wife Lopamudra are very dear to her, and that Agastya is worthy of receiving the secret Lalita trishati and then disappears.

Hayagriva lifts up Agastya and tells him that he is indeed a great man since Lalita herself had commanded him to impart the trishathi to Agastya. He also tells him that he is fortunate to have Agastya as a disciple since he had the vision of Lalita due to Agastya . He then gives him the following trishathi.

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